In early October, the British Lancet medical magazine announced about the success of a unique scientific experiment – a Swedish woman with a transplanted womb gave birth to a baby for the first time in the world"s history! The baby was born prematurely in September (1.8 kg), however, the baby and mom are doing well.
36-year-old woman is one of the nine members of the experiment, the doctors have transplanted the wombs of their relatives to. Her donor was her maternal 61-year-old relative. This patient was born without a womb. Other participants of the experiment had the same problem, or they had to remove the womb due to cervical cancer. All the operations were carried out a year ago.
Until now, the women with such a diagnosis had only one way to get their own child – surrogacy. It is reported that two other participants of the project are currently pregnant.
The main reasons for the womb absence in women are cancer and birth defects. Womb transplantation is a complex operation due to the peculiarities of blood supply to this organ. Until now, attempts to transplant the womb were made twice – in Turkey and Saudi Arabia. However, in both cases, the patients failed to carry a child.