We are already familiar with the effects of Phase 1 of the nanotechnology revolution. It is referred to Graphene, a super strong waterproofing material for water purifying and battery power improving.
Phase 1 provides the creation of Passive Nanostructures. These products are already on the market. Phase 2 products include Active Nanostructures. They are now in the laboratory experimental stage. These active structures will interact with their environment at a molecular level. Having created these Active Nanostructures, it will be possible to create products of Phase 3 and 4 products, which are already designed.it is three-dimensional heterogeneous molecular nanosystems with each molecule having specific structure and role. They will help to create nano robots able to perform different tasks.
Advanced Phase 3 and 4 products are expected to be on the market within 30 years. The invisible robotic units will be created to enhance human body, computers, power supplies, and transportation systems.
Active Nanostructure research is mostly conducted in the field of nanomedicine. Since 2010 there were developed two nanotechnology-based cancer drugs – Doxil and Abraxane. They are already tested and are on the market.
Cancer cells detection depends on the ability to monitor slight changes in the cells composition at the molecular level. Nanotechnology will allow to do this much more precisely than ever before. Nanodevices are able to see the areas of the body once accessible only on the operating table. By the 2020's nanodevices are expected to track cancerous cells and allow early diagnosis.
But nanotechnology will be able not only provide us with health lives, but also to enhance our bodies. They can make us "superhuman". The most exciting human enhancements will be the ones which will have an effect to slow down, and even halt and reverse the aging process.
Respirocyte artificial red blood cells will reduce human's need to breath. They are spherical 8 times smaller blood cells able to hold 236 times more oxygen and carbon dioxide. Containing glucose they are able to manage carbonic acidity via onboard internal nanocomputer and a multitude of chemical/pressure sensors. They are already designed and are undergoing the research. When developed, Respirocyte artificial red blood cells are expected to be manufactured in unlimited supply. They will allow us to survive without breathing for 4 hours or to run 15 minutes at top speed.